In this activity, students will analyze documents from the War Department's Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands– better known as the Freedmen's Bureau– that Congress established on March 3, 1865, as the Civil War was coming to an end. Using the scale in Weighing the Evidence, students will evaluate the effectiveness of the Freedmen's Bureau in assisting formerly enslaved persons. Find a teacher guide to complement this activity on the DocsTeach site of the National Archives Experience.
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