In the turbulent years following the Civil War, freedmen and women knew that in order to survive and become truly independent, they needed land. The Freedmen’s Bureau also regarded land ownership as key to a successful future and began to allocate abandoned and confiscated Confederate land to former slaves. In this video segment from The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, freedmen gather in a church on Edisto Island, South Carolina, to hear news from Freedmen’s Bureau commissioner General O. O. Howard regarding their land and their futures.
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